rowingriddle

古罗马史同写手
I cannot rest from travel;
I will drink Life to the lees;
To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.

克恺,没空勾线还是把铅笔稿发了

根据A大的图画的性转恺

全副武装的维纳斯,参考那枚经典的贝雕戒指

尬画画手上线啦~这次将毒手伸向了Q版西塞罗

证明自己没死
至于桂冠嘛,找的参考其实是橄榄叶来的(捂脸

Nicomedes IV of Bithynia 维基百科词条翻译

我正在写尼科美德斯/恺撒的文,为了减少bug的数量去找了一点参考资料,其中就有我这个英语渣渣难以攻克的维基百科词条。为了方便阅读,我尝试翻译一下。

果然出错了,捂脸,完全反过来的意思,已经修正了

又一个错误,米特里达梯是六世......

Nicomedes IV Philopator (Greek: Νικομήδης) was the king of Bithynia from c. 94 BC to 74 BC.[1] He was the first son and successor of Nicomedes III of Bithynia and Nysa[2] and had a sister called Nysa.[3]


尼科美德斯四世是比提尼亚的国王,于公元前94年至公元前74年在位,他是尼科美德斯三世和尼萨的头生子和继承人,他有一个名叫尼萨的姐姐。

(根据我查到的资料显示,Νικομήδης是希腊人的修饰名(epithet),意为钟爱父亲之人,在托勒密王室中也有使用,比如克里奥佩特拉和恺撒里昂)

There is nothing known about Nicomedes IV's birth or the years before he became king. However, his reign began at the death of his father. The first few years of his kingship were relatively peaceful, but soon King Mithridates VI of Pontus (the maternal grand-uncle of Nicomedes IV), one of Rome's greatest enemies during the late Republic, began harassing Bithynia's borders.

我们无从知晓尼科美德斯四世的出生或者他成为国王之前的生活。然而,他的统治始于他父亲的死。在他统治的前几年王国相对平静,但很快本都国王米特里达梯六世(他是尼科美德斯的母系伯叔祖),在共和国末期罗马的强敌之一,开始侵扰比提尼亚的边界。

Nicomedes IV's brother, Socrates Chrestus, assisted by Mithridates VI, defeated Nicomedes IV's army in 90 BC, and Nicomedes IV was forced to flee to Italy. He was restored to his throne by Manius Aquillius due to Rome's influence in the region.[4] However, Aquillius encouraged Nicomedes IV to raid Mithridates VI's territory, prompting Mithridates VI to retaliate again in 88 BC. Nicomedes IV fled once again to Rome.[5]


尼科美德斯四世的弟弟苏格拉底·刻瑞斯督斯在米特里达梯的支持下与他争夺王位,在公元前90年,米特里达梯六世击败了尼科美德斯的军队,尼科美德斯被迫逃亡去意大利。因为罗马在该地区的影响,在马尼乌斯·阿基利乌斯的帮助下,尼科美德斯得以重返王位。然而,阿基利乌斯鼓励尼科美德斯侵袭米特里达梯的领土,促使米特里达梯在公元前88年报复回去。尼科美德斯再次逃往罗马。

The East was seen by the Romans as a province providing an abundance of gold and silver. As such, two powerful Romans, Gaius Marius and the ConsulLucius Cornelius Sulla aimed at command in the region. Sulla fled the intrigues of Rome to Anatolia, where he commenced the First Mithridatic War. Sulla fought Mithridates VI on several occasions over the next three years, and finally in 85 BC, Mithridates VI sued for peace, and was allowed to retain his kingship in Pontus after paying a heavy fine.

罗马将东方视作生产充裕金银的地带。因此,两个强大的罗马人,盖乌斯.马略和卢基乌斯.科尔内利乌斯.苏拉旨在控制该地区。苏拉逃离阴谋,从罗马前往安纳托利亚,在那里他着手于第一次米特里达梯战争。在接下来的三年内,苏拉和米特里达梯多次作战,并最终在公元前85年,米特里达梯六世请求和平,并且被允许保留他在本都的王权,在缴纳巨额罚款之后。

Nicomedes IV was restored to his throne in Bithynia in 84 BC.[1] The years that followed were relatively peaceful, though Bithynia came more and more under the control of Rome. In 80 BC, young Gaius Julius Caesar was an ambassador to Nicomedes IV's court. Caesar was sent to raise a fleet using Bithynia's resources, but he dallied so long with the King that a rumor of a sexual relationship between the two men surfaced, leading to the disparaging title for Caesar, "the Queen of Bithynia", an allegation which Caesar's political enemies made use of later in his life. A popular quip at the time ran: "Gallias Caesar subegit, Caesarem Nicomedes, (Caesar laid the Gauls low, Nicomedes laid Caesar low), suggesting that Caesar was the receiving partner in the relationship. 

在公元前84年,尼科美德斯重返王位。接下来的几年相对稳定,尽管比提尼亚越发处于罗马的控制之下。在公元前80年,年轻的盖乌斯.尤利乌斯.恺撒作为使者前往尼科美德斯的宫廷。恺撒被派往用比提尼亚的资源组建舰队,但他和国王呆在一起太长时间(查到的dally with有调情的意思)以至于关于这两个男人之间的性关系的流言出现了,导致了恺撒”比提尼亚的王后“这个轻蔑的头衔,这项指控在恺撒之后的人生里被他的政敌多次使用。一句在当时广为流传的俏皮话说:“恺撒征服了高卢,尼科美德斯征服了恺撒。”,暗示恺撒在这段关系里处于被动的一方。

As one of his last acts as king of Bithynia, in 74 BC, Nicomedes IV bequeathed the entire kingdom of Bithynia to Rome.[1] The Roman Senate quickly voted it as a new province. Rome's old enemy Mithridates VI had other plans for Bithynia, however, and Nicomedes IV's death and bequeathal led directly to the Third Mithridatic War.

作为尼科美德斯在位后的最后举动,在公元前74年,尼科美德斯将比提尼亚赠送给罗马。罗马元老院迅速将它表决为新的行省。然而罗马的老对手米特里达梯六世对于比提尼亚有另一项计划,尼科美德斯四世的死和他将比提尼亚送给罗马直接导致了第三次米特里达梯战争。